Christian Identity, Counteractive Control, and Business Ethics

  • Paul Gratton
  • Stephen Dukas


This paper reviews the literature on counteractive control and moral identity formation and explores how these theories apply to teaching business ethics in Christian higher education. We propose that institutions of Christian higher education have an opportunity to promote students’ ethical resolve based on their ethical identity formation based on the person of Jesus Christ. This paper provides practical implications of these theories on pedagogy within higher education and suggests potential directions for future research.

How to Cite
GrattonP., & DukasS. (2023). Christian Identity, Counteractive Control, and Business Ethics. Christian Business Academy Review, 18(1). Retrieved from
Curriculum Development